Peugeot 401


Peugeot Tarihi | Peugeot Türkiye

200 yıllık Peugeot yeniliğinin başlangıcı

1734’de doğan Jean-Pierre Peugeot, Peugeot ailesinin endüstriyel yöneliminin ilk kurucusu olmuştur. Jean-Pierre Peugeot, dokumacılık alanında faaliyete geçer ve varislerine bir boyahane, bir yağ fabrikası ve bir değirmen bırakır.

1810 yılında, Jean-Pierre’in iki oğlu, Jean-Pierre II ve Jean-Frédéric, Peugeot Frères (Peugeot Kardeşler) şirketini kurarlar. Jean-Frédéric’in mülkiyetinde olan aile değirmeni çelik dökümhanesine dönüşür. Peugeot ailesi 1840’da yaratılan ünlü kahve değirmeninin yanısıra yenilikler yapar ve kendi endüstriyel faaliyetlerini geliştirir. Aile testereler, yaylar ve şemsiye çerçeveleri üretir.

Peugeot Markası, 200 yıldan uzun süredir yenilik ve çeşitliliği simgelemektedir. 2010 yılında Peugeot iOn’un ve 2012’de 3008 HYbrid4’ün ticarileşmesi, elektrikli otomobil ve hibrid motorlar alanında yeniliği ifade eder. Otomobil faaliyetinin dışında Peugeot Markası’nın varolmasını sağlayan faaliyetler ile çeşitlilik sunmaktadır. Peugeot Scooter’ları, Peugeot bisikletleri ile aynı zamanda Peugeot karabiber makineleri aynı zamanda dünya çapında yeniliğin ve Fransız lüksünün standartlarınu oluşturmaktadır.

DAHA FAZLA BİLGİ EDİNİN: 200 yıllık Peugeot yeniliklerini keşfedinSochaux’daki L’Aventure Peugeot Müzesi’ni keşfedin

Armand Peugeot, otomobilin Fransız vizyonu

1889’da Armand Peugeot’nun vizyon sahibi öncülüğünde, Peugeot kendi adını taşıyan ilk aracını tanıtır : Léon Serpollet ile gerçekleştirilen buharlı bir üç tekerlekli olan Serpollet-Peugeot. 1890’da, Armand Peugeot buhar yerine petrol kullanır ve Peugeot’nun Daimler motoru taşıyan Tip 2 adlı ilk benzinli dört tekerlekli aracını üretir.

Buhardan benzinliye, gidondan direksiyon simidine, tekerlekten lastiğe. Serpollet, Daimler ve Michelin ile endüstriyel ortaklık çözümleri sayesinde Armand Peugeot, çağının teknolojik yeniliklerinin hepsinden faydalandı.

Bu endüstriyel ortaklık çözümü, Peugeot’yu bu son on yılların dünya otomobil sektörünün temel aktörü yapmak üzere yüzyılları aştı. Ford ve BMW ile işbirlikleri güçlü ve düşük CO2 emisyonlu, çevreye daha saygılı HDi FAP Dizel motor ile THP ve VTI benzinli motor motorların üretimine imkan verdi. Günümüzde, Çinli üreticiler Dongfeng ve Changan ile işbirlikleri Peugeot’nun dünya çapında otomobil pazarlarını fethetmeye devam etmesine izin veriyor. Peugeot böylece fetih ruhuna ve Armand Peugeot’nun ortaklık anlayışına sadık kaldı.

Peugeot 201, otomobil çağına geçiş

1929’da, Peugeot günümüzde de Peugeot araçlarını adlandırmaya yarayan ortası sıfırlı isimlendirmeyi kullanan ilk otomobil olan 201 adlı bir 6 CV’nin lansmanını yapar. Sochaux-Montbéliard Fabrikası’nda seri üretilen 201 modeli, Peugeot için zanaat üretim döneminden endüstriyel üretim dönemine geçişi ifade eder. 201 bir başarı olur ve 1932’de lansmanı yapılan 301, 1934’te satışa sunulan 401 ve 601 ile ilk yeni Peugeot otomobil gamının oluşturulmasında başlangıç noktası işlevi görür. İkinci Dünya savaşı öncesinde, 401, 301 ve 201 modelleri sırasıyla 1935’te 402, 1936’da 302 ve 1938’de 202 olarak yenilenmiştir.

Ortada sıfır bulunan model isimlendirmesi, kapsamlı bir gam eğilimi ve müşteri kitlesinin yenilenmiş beklentilerine uymak için modellerin hızla yenilenmesi, 30’lu yıllardan miras kalan Peugeot markasının güncel esaslarını oluşturmaktadır.

2011 yılında bile Peugeot ürün gamı 201’in soyundan gelenlerden oluşmaktadır. Son olarak 2012 ilkbaharında Peugeot 206+ ve Peugeot 207’nin yerini Peugeot 208 aldı. Peugeot 208, daha önceden ticarileşen 308, 308 SW, 308 CC, 508, 508 SW olmak üzere 9 modelin yanında” 8” neslini tamamladı.

Peugeot, 1007, SUV Peugeot 4007, crossover Peugeot 3008 ve tek hacimli Peugeot 5008 gibi yeni modelleri tanımlamak için ortaya bir sıfır daha ekledi. Ortadaki bir veya iki sıfır ile Peugeot ürün gamı 508 RXH ve 3008 HYbrid4 olarak adlandırılan iki hibrit aracın lansmanı ile 2012’de yine yenilikler yaptı.

Cabriolet 404’ten RCZ’e: Peugeot tarzının zarafeti

Peugeot seri üretim Coupé - Cabriolet versiyonlarını sunan ilk üretici olmuştur. 1934’te, Peugeot 401 ve 601 Eclipse, stilist Georges Paulin’in hayal gücünün ürünü olan katlanabilir metalik tavan ile ticarileşir. Peugeot coupé ve cabriolet geleneği savaş sonrasında devam eder. 1951’deki Paris Otomobil Fuarı’nda 203 cabriolet’nin lansmanı yapılır, 1962’de 404 coupé ve cabriolet’ler satışa sunulur. Pininfarina stil ofisleri tarafından çizilen 404 Cabriolet, 60’lı yılların en güzel Fransız otomobilleri arasında yer alır. Bugün bile koleksiyoncular arasında çok popüler olmaya devam ediyor.

2011’de, Peugeot coupé’lerinin başarısını 207 CC, 308 CC, Coupé 407 ve tabii ki 2010’da lansmanı yapılan Peugeot RCZ ile sürdürür. Pazara sunulduğu andan itibaren Peugeot’nun sportif coupé modeli RCZ başarılı satış adetlerine ulaştı.

www.peugeot.com.tr

Peugeot 402 - Wikipedia

Peugeot 402 Overview Manufacturer Also called Production Body and chassis Class Body style Layout Powertrain Engine Dimensions Wheelbase Length Width Height Chronology Predecessor

Peugeot 402 Légère

Peugeot SA
Peugeot 402B(name modification October 1938)[1]
1935 - 1942Approx 75,000 produced
Large family car
4-door sedanLong-wheelbase ‘familiale’ sedanvarious cabriolets and coupésvan and utility versions
FR layout
1991 cc straight-41935–Oct 19382142 cc straight-4Oct 1938–1942
2,880 mm (113 in) légère (light)[2]3,150 mm (124 in)[2]3,330 mm (131 in) longue / familiale[2]
4,850 mm (190.9 in) standard steel bodied saloon4,500 mm (177.2 in) - 5,000 mm (196.9 in) (approx)
1,640 mm (64.6 in)
1,580 mm (62.2 in)
Peugeot 401
The 402 "longue" became popular with the military after Peugeot began to supply them to the French army in 1938.[2] Various low volume coupé versions included the Peugeot 402 Darl'Mat, unmistakably reminiscent of a body produced by the same coachbuilder (Carrosserie Pourtout) for Bugatti. A 402 cabriolet on display at the 2006 Paris Auto Show (Mondial de l'Automobile). Behind this one is a Georges Paulin patented automatic folding roof in action. Peugeot 402 B2 Légère Sport (1939). This low volume special model was in most respects a Peugeot 202, but it had a lengthened nose which accommodated the larger engine of the 402. And it was branded not as a 202 but as a special variation of Peugeot 402.

The Peugeot 402 is a large family car produced in Sochaux, France from 1935 to 1942 by Peugeot. It was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 1935,[3] replacing the Peugeot 401.

Peugeot 402 Eclipse décapotable (1938)

The Peugeot 403, introduced approximately thirteen years after the demise of the 402, can be seen as the older car’s natural heir. (Immediately after World War II the market demanded smaller cars: Peugeot acknowledged this by concentrating during the late 1940s and early 1950s on their 202 and 203 models.)

A conservative innovator[edit]

The 402 was characterized by what became during the 1930s a "typically Peugeot" front end, with headlights well set back behind the grille. The style of the body was reminiscent of the Chrysler Airflow, and received in France the soubriquet Fuseau Sochaux which loosely translates as "Sochaux spindle". Streamlining was a feature of French car design in the 1930s, as can be seen by comparing the Citroën Traction Avant or some of the Bugatti models of the period with predecessor models: Peugeot was among the first volume manufacturers to apply streamlining to the extent exemplified by the 402 and smaller Peugeot 202 in a volume market vehicle range.

Recessed ‘safety’ door handles also highlighted the car’s innovative aspirations, as did the advertised automatic transmission and diesel engine options. Comparisons with Citroën's large family car of the time were and remain unavoidable. In that comparison, the basic underpinnings of the 402 remained conventional, based on known technologies, and presumably were relatively inexpensive to develop and manufacture: it was Citroën that in 1934 had been forced to sell its car manufacturing business to its largest creditor. Sticking to a traditional separate chassis configuration also made it much easier for Peugeot's 402 to be offered with a wide range of different bodies.

The amount invested in developing the car and in tooling up to produce it, as well as the way in which it was priced, suggest that Peugeot always intended the 402 to be, by the standards of the time, a big seller. Nevertheless, it was also a big car, at the high end of the volume car market, and in advertising material of the time Peugeot evidently thought it important to highlight one or two tempting standard features, such as the twin windscreen wipers powered by their own electric motor, the (semaphore style) direction indicators, the clock included on the instrument panel, the twin sun visors and the switchable reserve section of the fuel tank.[4]

The range[edit]

Even by 1930s standards, the range of different 402 models based on the single chassis was large, comprising at one stage, by one estimate, sixteen different body types, from expensive steel bodied convertible cars, to family saloons which were among the most spacious produced in France.

An aspect of the all-steel car bodies that became mainstream among the larger European automakers in the 1930s was the very high initial cost associated with the heavy steel presses and the dies needed to cut and stamp pressed steel sheeting into the panels that, when welded together, would form a sufficiently rigid and robust car body. The wide range of car bodies was therefore carefully devised to maximise the sharing of panels between the different body variants listed.

Three chassis lengths[edit]

There were three different standard wheelbases of 2,880 mm (113 in) (short), 3,150 mm (124 in) (“normal”) and 3,300 mm (130 in) (long).

2,880 mm (113 in) “short” wheelbase (1937-1940)[edit]

When the 402 was launched in 1935 there were just two chassis lengths, but for 1937 the manufacturer added a third “short” chassis, inherited from the short-lived Peugeot 302. The short chassis was used from 1937 for the Peugeot 402 Légère (“light-bodied”).[5]

The Peugeot 402 Légère was first exhibited in July 1937 and was featured on the Peugeot stand in place of the Peugeot 302 at that year’s October Motor Show.[5] The car combined the 2,880 mm (113 in) wheelbase and body from the Peugeot 302 with the larger 1991 cc engine of the Peugeot 402.[5] Whereas the 302 had produced a maximum output of 43 hp (32 kW) at 4,000 rpm, maximum power for the 402 Légère was listed as 55 hp (41 kW) still at 4,000 rpm.[5] That translated into a difference in listed top speed between 105 km/h (65 mph) and 125 km/h (78 mph).[6] The simple formula of combining one existing bodyshell with another engine that was also already in production enabled the manufacturer to produce an attractively brisk car with minimum investment. Approximately 11,000 were produced.

From the outside the 402 Légère was initially virtually indistinguishable from the 302.[5] However, on the front grille, whereas on the 302 the hole for the starting handle corresponded with the central digit in the car’s name spelled out on bottom part of the front grille, on the 402 Légère it was necessary to position the hole for the starting handle below the “402” name badge because the engine itself was positioned very slightly higher.[5] An improvement over the 302 available to the driver, albeit only at extra cost, was the option of a Cotal pre-selector transmission, which could be controlled using a selector lever positioned directly behind the steering wheel, so that the driver needed to move his/her hand only minimally in order to change gear.[5]

Although sources tend to refer to the 402 Légère as a single model, there was nevertheless a choice of at least three bodies.[7]

Priced at 24,900 Francs in October 1937 was the four door “402 Légère berline” (saloon/sedan) using the body already familiar from the 302.[5] Not yet ready for presentation at the 1937 show, but nevertheless already priced (at 30,900 Francs) and advertised was the 402 Légère “coach”, which was a stylish thinner looking 2-door four seater car shaped somewhere between a sedan/saloon and coupe, with “glass on glass” side windows (allowing for the possibility, with the windows open, of a “pillarless” side profile) and front seats that tilted to permit access to the adequately spacious rear of the passenger cabin.[5] Represented at the motor show by a prototype which differed in certain details from the cars that actually appeared a few months later was the 402 Légère “décapotable” (soft-top convertible), priced at 31,900 Francs.[5] Both the “coach” and the “décapotable” bodied cars featured a slightly more streamlined look than the “berline”, and their stylishness was enhanced by “spats” covering the upper portions of the rear wheels.[5]

3,150 mm (124 in) “normal” wheelbase (1935-1942)[edit]

The standard bodied saloon/sedan (berline), first presented at the Paris Motor Show in the late Autumn of 1935 sat on the “normal” 3,150 mm (124 in) chassis and was advertised as a six-seater, the passengers being accommodated in two rows on bench seats in what was, by the standards of the time and place, an unusually wide car.[7] The four door “berline” came as a “6 glaces” (“six-light” or three windows on each side) saloon/sedan.[7] In 1936 the price list showed the saloon as the least expensive of the “normal” wheelbase 402s, priced from 23,900 francs.[7]

Closely resembling the 402 berline “6 glaces”, at first sight, was the 402 “normale commerciale” also offering seating for six people accommodated in two rows.[4] However, at the back, in place of the more usual panels, the “commerciale” featured a two piece tailgate.[4] The rear of the cabin was described as being “transformable pour transport de marchandises” (transformable for transport of goods) which presumably would have involved lifting out the rear seat.[4] Later on there were also 402 commerciales exhibited with semi-squared off rear roof lines along the lines of a steel bodied station wagon/estate car conversion, but most of the 402 commerciales shared, from the side, the silhouette of the 402 saloon/sedan, presumably in order to avoid the cost of tooling up for volume-style production of a relatively small number of uniquely shaped body panels.[4]

Other models appearing on the “normal” wheelbase at the 1936 show included a Grand-luxe berline with a sliding steel sun roof, a 4/5 seater 2-door soft-top cabriolet priced in October 1936 at 30,900 francs, a 5/6 seater “coach” (elegant two door saloon) priced at 29,900 francs, a 2/3 seater roadster at 27,900 francs and a “coupé transformable Éclipse” which was a steel roofed convertible priced at 34,900 francs.[4] The Éclipse was significant as the first of many Peugeot coupes with a steel roof that would fold and stow in the boot/trunk.[1][4] The retractable hardtop mechanism had been designed, and in 1931 patented, by Georges Paulin: the mechanism was bulky by more recent standards and necessitated a very long tail end. Despite the generous length of the 3,150 mm (124 in) wheelbase, this first application of the technology came with just two seats. Interest in the Éclipse resurfaced more than half a century later with the “reinvention” of the retractable hardtop by the 1995 Misubishi 3000GT Spyder and subsequent popularization of the concept by cars such as the Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class.[8]

Several of the body types were priced (and presumably costed) to be produced in relatively low volumes, and despite appearing at the Motor Show in October 1936, three had been delisted by the start of 1937.[4] The delisted variants were the 5/6 seater “coach”, the 4/5 2-door soft-top cabriolet and the steel roofed “Coupé transformable Éclipse”, although the third of these had already been effectively replaced in 1936 by a similar, but even longer, steel roofed convertible Éclipse, now with seating for 4/5 people and using the longest of the 402’s three chassis lengths.[4]

3,300 mm (130 in) “long” wheelbase (1935-?1940)[edit]

The principal “long” Peugeot 402 in 1935 was the “402 Familiale”, closely resembling the “normal” length six light “berline, but with extra length used in the rear of the cabin to accommodate a third row of seats (“strapontins escamotables”) which could be folded away when not in use.[4]

By the time of the 1937 Motor show, in time for the 1938 model year, the 402 commerciale had also migrated from the “normal” to the “long wheelbase”.[7]

In addition, the manufacturer advertised a special taxi version of the long wheel base car, closely resembling the familiale and of which, it was boasted in 1937, several thousand were already in service “in Paris and the [other] principal towns and cities in France or the colonies”.[4][9] Peugeot were slightly unusual among principal auto-makers at this time in never having acquired a Paris taxi business themselves, but the 402 taxi had nevertheless evidently been well received by independent taxi operators.

Much attention at the 1936 show also focused on the “402 cabriolet metallique decouvrable” which was a reincarnation of the Éclipse, but now using the 3,300 mm (130 in) “long” wheel base which made enough space for a (rather cramped) second bench seat.[7]

Light commercial van and utility variants of the 402 were also produced (or derived from conversion), and during the car’s final years, during World War II, assumed increasing prominence within the range. Sources vary as to whether production was ended it 1942 or continued further, possibly till 1944.

The engines[edit]

Petrol/gasoline[edit]

The car was launched with a four-cylinder water-cooled engine of 1991 cc with poppet valves. With its claimed 55 hp (41 kW) the standard bodied car could achieve a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph) at 4,000 rpm.[3] In 1938 the capacity was raised to 2142 cc with the introduction of the Peugeot 402B, stated output now being 60 horsepower (45 kilowatts).[1] Given the wide range of body lengths and styles offered, there was and is correspondingly wide range of different performance figures quoted for the standard-engined 402.

Other engine versions existed, with a claimed output of 70 bhp (52 kW) for a Darl'mat bodied performance coupe version.

Diesel[edit]

Peugeot had been making diesel engines in the north, at their Lille engine plant, since 1928, for use in boats, railcars and agricultural tractors. By 1936 the manufacturer had readied their HL50 series diesel engine for installation in light commercial vehicles. French regulations at the time did not permit the fitting of diesel engines in road vehicles except for trucks and commercial vehicles, and even for their relatively cautious approach to diesel power for the 402 it was necessary for Peugeot to obtain a special dispensation from the authorities.[10] By the final weeks of 1938 several prototype 402s had been fitted with the HL50 diesel unit already being used for light trucks.[1][10] During the early months of 1939 several dozen long bodied 402 "conduite interieure" saloons were fitted with diesel engines and sold into the taxi trade.[10] The HL50 engine used was a 2,300 cc unit with a claimed power output of 55 hp.[1][10] Had the diesel powered version entered production the 402 would have been one of the very first diesel saloons available commercially.

Fuel economy quoted for the 2.3 litre diesel unit was approximately 33% better than that for the 2.1 litre petrol powered 402. By the time war broke out, approximately 12, and possibly several dozen, diesel powered Peugeot 402s were in existence, but only one diesel powered 402 chassis still survived by the time the war came to an end.[11]

The development work was not wasted, however, and in 1959 Peugeot would launch one of the world's earlier diesel powered saloons, albeit beaten to the market by Mercedes Benz.

Running gear[edit]

Standard transmission was a three-speed manual system, driving through the rear wheels.[1]

The option of a Cotal three-speed automatic was offered,[1] but this was an elaborate system more commonly seen on upmarket models from the likes of Delahaye and Delage. Priced in 1937 as a 2,500 Franc option[7] (up from an already hefty 1,800 Francs in 1936),[4] it was too expensive to appeal to most 402 buyers.

Stopping the car was achieved using mechanical (cable operated) drum brakes: with the Citroën Traction already featuring hydraulic brakes, cable-operated brakes were beginning to be regarded as an old technology which compromised the innovative image presented by other aspects of the 402.[1]

Commercial[edit]

Approximately 75,000 402s were produced during the seven or more years of production. It took Peugeot from the 1930s to the 1940s, covering two decades that saw a dramatic reduction in the number of automakers in France. Of the survivors, Citroën was taken over by the tyre/tire company Michelin in 1934 and Renault was nationalised in 1945. Peugeot survived and retained its independence.

France declared war on Germany in 1939 and after this date cabriolet and convertible versions of the 402 disappeared from the price lists. The April 1940 price list shows only the standard bodied and long wheelbase saloons.[2] Peugeot only became a regular supplier to the army in 1938, but during 1939 and 1940 several thousand 202s and 402s were operating with the armed services, the long wheel base 402 being a particular military favourite.[2]

The Peugeot 402 in a world without petrol[edit]

During the war motor fuel for civilian use disappeared, and more than 2,500 Peugeots were adapted to run on gas generated through the controlled burning of charcoal in a boiler mounted on the vehicle. The 402 Longue was found to be particularly suitable for the conversion.

The speed of the French defeat in June 1940 may have come as a shock, but the advent of another war with Germany and of resulting restrictions on civilian fuel availability had been widely foreseen. In 1939 Peugeot were already investigating the adaptation of petrol/gasoline engines to run on gas created by the controlled burning of charcoal. The technology would prove particularly suitable for the long bodied Peugeot 402 and for the Peugeot DMA light truck. On the car it was possible to fit the necessary components without excessive modification of the bodywork. A charcoal burning boiler, able to accommodate 35 kg of charcoal, was mounted on a stout platform at the back of the car. This provided sufficient power for approximately 80 km (50 miles) before more charcoal needed to be taken on board. The controlled burning of the charcoal produced carbon monoxide, known as gazogène, which was captured and transferred in a stout pipe mounted on the outside of the right-hand C-pillar to a roof mounted gas tank. From here another stout pipe mounted on the outside of the right hand A-pillar drew the gazogène down to the engine. Between 1940 and 1944 more than 2,500 Peugeots were equipped with a gazogène fuel system.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Odin, L.C. World in Motion 1939, The whole of the year's automobile production. Belvedere Publishing, 2015. ASIN: B00ZLN91ZG.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1940 - 46 (les années sans salon). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 26: Page 52. 2003. 
  3. ^ a b "1935 : 402". peugeot.com. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1937 (salon 1936). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 3: Pages 66–71. 1997. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1938 (salon 1937). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 6: Pages 62 & 64–66. 1998. 
  6. ^ "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1938 (salon 1937). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 6: Pages 62–66. 1998. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1938 (salon 1937). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 6: Pages 62–69. 1998. 
  8. ^ "New Again: The Hideaway Hardtop". The New York Times, Rob Sass, December 10, 2006. 2006-12-10. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  9. ^ ”les taxis 402 dont plusieurs milliers d’exemplaires ont été mise en circulation à Paris et sans les principales villes de France ou des colonies, ont permis à chacun d’apprécier les remarquables qualités de confort, de sécurité et de vitesse….” Peugeot catalogue at the 1936 Motor Show
  10. ^ a b c d "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1939 (salon 1938). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 11: Page 68. 1999. 
  11. ^ Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: «Peugeot commence à fabriquer des moteurs diesel a partir de 1928, à la « Compagnie Lilloise des Moteurs », filiale d’Automobiles Peugeot, notamment pour les tracteurs agricoles ou ferroviaires, les bateaux, etc. Le moteur Peugeot HL50, mis au point en 1936, est d’abord monté en série sur les utilitaires légers MK. Les premiers essais sont fait en 402 en 1938, avant de lancer la production en série. En 1939, la guerre stoppe le développement des 402 Diesel…..Consommation : 9 litres/100 km, en comparaison une 402 essence consommait 12 litres / 100 km.»
  12. ^ Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: «Devant la menace de pénurie d’approvisionnement en carburant, Peugeot étudia des 1939 la possibilité d’adapter les moteurs essence au gaz fabriqué à partir du charbon de bois. [Le Peugeot 402 à gazogène] est équipée d’une plateforme gazogène adaptée au voiture de tourisme évitant ainsi d’importants modifications de carrosserie. Le générateur à charbon de bois monté à l’arrière du véhicule permet une autonomie de 80 km sans rechargement. Le foyer est chargé par une porte sur le dessus et sa contenance totale est de 35 kg de combustible. La combustion lente et contrôlée du charbon de bois produit un gaz combustible, le monoxyde de carbone (CO) qui est utilisé comme carburant pour le moteur. Plus de 2,500 véhicules Peugeot furent équipé de système gazogène de 1940 à 1944. Caractéristiques techniques : moteur 4 cylindres de 2,142 cm3, puissance 40 ch. – Vitesse maximum 65 km/h.»

External links[edit]

en.wikipedia.org

Dnden Bugne Peugeot Tarihi

1810 : Jean Pierre II ve Jean-Frdric Peugeot kardeler, Hrimoncourt'da "Peugeot Frres et Jacques-Salins" irketinin ilk temelini attlar ve un deirmenlerini elik dkmhanesine dntrdler.

1824 : Hrimoncourt'da 70 ii ile gnde 150 kilo elik retildi. Kalitesi takdir gren Peugeot rnleri svire, talya ve Trkiye'ye ihra edildi.

1832 : "Peugeot Frres Ans" irketi kuruldu.

1833-34 : Terre Blanche'da yeni bir hrdavat fabrikas daha kuruldu. irketin bymesi ile birlikte Pont-de-Roide, Audincourt, Valentigney ve Beaulieu'de yeni fabrikalar kuruldu. eritli testereler, yaylar, korse balenalar, emsiye montrleri, kahve deirmenleri gibi madeni eyalarn retimine baland.

1858 : "Lion Peugeot" (Peugeot Aslan) retilen eyalarn zerinde marka olarak kullanlmaya baland.

1867 : Valentigney-Sous-Roche'da ilk diki makinas retildi.

1869 : Ordu iin sa makaslar retildi. Emile Peugeot "Prix Littraire Pour La Paix" (bar iin edebi dl) fonunu kurdu.

1882 : aplar birbirinden farkl iki tekerlekli ilk bisiklet "Grand Bi" retildi.

1889 : lk tekerlekli ve buharl tatlar "Serpollet-Peugeot", Armand Peugeot tarafndan Paris Evrensel Sergisi'nde sunuldu.

1890 : Daimler motorlu ve gazya ile alan ilk drt tekerlekli tat Valentigney'de retildi.

1892 : 29 otomobil retildi. retilen ilk tekerlekler, petrolle alan 3 tekerlekli Peugeot'lara monte edildi.

1895 : "Lion" markal ilk tekerlek bilya yataklar yapld.

1896 : Armand Peugeot, Lille'de daha sonra kamyon ve turistik aralar retecek olan "Socit Automobiles Peugeot" (Peugeot Otomobilleri Topluluu) irketini kurdu.

1900 : Bir ylda 500 otomobil retildi. Her ay ortalama olarak, 20.000 bisiklet, 100 ton etek balenas ve 6 ton kelebek gzlk yay yapld.

1901 : 1.5 beygir gcnde ilk motorsiklet retildi.

1902 : 20 CV Peugeot kamyonu saatte 40 km. hz ile Alpes-Maritimes'I trmanarak ulusal dl kazand.

1903 : 5 beygir gcnde ilk motorsiklet Peugeot rn katalounda yer ald.

1904 : nce yatay tek silindirli "Bb Peugeot", daha sonra srasyla, tek silindirli "Lion Peugeot" ve iki silindirli V serisi retildi.

1908 : "Automobiles Peugeot" ve "Les Fils de Peugeot Frres" 2200 ara retti.

1910 : ki irket birleti ve "Socit des Automobiles et des Cycles Peugeot" (Peugeot Bisiklet ve Otomobilleri irketi) kuruldu.

1912 : 7600 cm3'lk motoru ve 169 km/saat hzyla modern yar otomobili retildi ve byk skse yapt.

1913 : "Bb Lion Peugeot"nun Beaulieu fabrikalarnda tantm yapld. 9338 ara retimi ile Peugeot Grubu Fransz Otomobil retiminin yarsndan fazlasn elinde tutuyordu. Jules Goux, Peugeot'su ile ndianapolis'de dnya rekoru krd

1914 : Bealieu, Valentigney, Audincourt ve Lille fabrikalarnda ylda 10.000 otomobil, 80.000 bisiklet retildi.

1914-1918: Sava yllarnda Lille fabrikasnda ordu iin 63.000 bisiklet, 3000 otomobil, 6000 kamyon, 1400 tank motoru, 10.000 uak motoru, 6 milyon havan topu mermisi yapld.

1925 : Sochaux'da 100.000'inci otomobil retildi.

1926 : "Socit des Automobiles et des Cycles Peugeot" iki zerk irket oldu. "Automobiles Peugeot" ve "Cycles Peugeot" adn ald.

1928 : Seri retimler balad. Lille fabrikas Dizel motorlar konusunda uzmanlat.

1929 : 201 modelinin tantm yapld.

1932 : 301 modeli tantld ve 201, Mont Carlo Rallisi'nde zafer kazand.

1934 : 401 ve 6 silindirli aerodinamik 601'in tantm yapld.

1936 : 302 serisi dodu.

1938 : 202'nin lansman ve ayn yl ierisinde 50.000 ara retimi yapld.

1946 : Ypratc sava yllarnn ardndan yeniden dou ve 202'nin retimine baland.

1948 : 203 modeli sunuldu.

1955 : 403 serisi tantld.

1959 : 2 milyonuncu otomobil Sochaux'da retildi.

1960 : 404 serisi retildi.

1961 : Yllk retim 260.000 araca ulat. 300 hektarlk arazide, irketin daha sonra ikinci nemli retim merkezi olacak olan Mulhouse fabrikasnn temelleri atld.

1963 : Nowicki ve Cliff, 404 ile, "East African Safari" yarn kazand.

1965 : 204 modelinin tantm yapld. "Socit des Automobiles Peugeot" holdingleerek, Peugeot S.A. adn ald. retim, sat ve sat sonras Mulhouse ve Sochaux fabrikalarnda yaplmaya baland.

1968 : 504 modeli retildi.

1969 : 304 ve 504 Coup-Cabriolet piyasaya kt. Peugeot Fransz otomobil reticileri ierisinde ikinci srada yer ald.

1972 : 104 modelinin retimi yapld. Yllk retim 671.000 araca ykseldi.

1974 : 504 Coup V6 retildi.

1975 : 6 silindirli 604 serisi sunuldu. Otomobiller iin, evre kirlilii kirliliine kar sistem gelitirmek ve egzoz lm almalar yapmak amacyla "Centre Technique de Bavans" kuruldu.

1976 : Peugeot, Citroen ile birleerek "PSA Peugeot-Citroen" adn ald.

1977 : 305 modelinin lansman yapld.

1979 : 505 ve dizel turbo 604 retildi.

1981 : Tagora, Samba ve J5 modellerinin tantm yapld.

1982 : 505'in aile ve break modeli, ikinci 305 serisi ile P4 askeri arac yapld.

1983 : Mulhouse'da efsanevi 205 retildi.

1984 : 205 GTI retildi.

1985 : Poissy'de 309 serisi retimine baland.

1986 : Peugeot Dnya Ralli ampiyonas'n 205 Turbo 16 ile kazand.

1987 : 205 T-16 ile Paris-Dakar'da zafer kazanld. Sochaux'da 405 lansman yapld. Endstri blgesi olan Sochaux'nun modernletirme almalar balad. (SOCHAUX 2000 PROJES)

1988 : Otomatik vitesli 405 dizel retildi. "L'aventure Peugeot" tarafndan Sochaux'da "Le Muse Peugeot" ald.

1989 : Peugeot'nun Paris-Dakar'daki nc zaferi 405 T16 ile geldi. Eyll'de markann st snf arac olan 605 Sochaux'da tantld.

1990 : Otomobil retiminde 100 Yl Paris-Dakar hattnda drdnc zafer elde edildi. 405 x 4 break, 405 SRD ve 605 otomatik, dizel ve turbo dizel retildi. Temmuz'da 1 milyonuncu 405 modeli Sochaux'da retildi. Dnya Spor Otomobiller ampiyonas iin 905 serisi resmi olarak tantld.

1991 : V 10 motoru ile gelitirilen 905 modeli, Spor Otomobiller Dnya ampiyonas'na katld. Mulhouse'da retilen 106'nn tantm Eyll aynda yapld.

1992 : 905 "Mans'da 24 saat" yarnda ve 1992 dnya spor otomobiller yarmasnda birincilik kazand.405'in yeni versiyonu ve 5 kapl 106 retildi.505'in retimine son verildi.

1993 : 306'nn be kapl modeli tantld.

1998 : Efsanevi 205'in takipisi olan 206 retildi.

2000 : 607 modelinin retimi yapld.Peugeot, 206 WRC ile Dnya Ralli ampiyonasn, Peugeot 206 WRC ile yaran Marcus Grnholm ise, Dnya Ralli Pilotlar ampiyonasn kazand.

2001 : 206 CC modeli yaratld.307 modeli piyasaya kt.206 WRC 2001 yl Dnya Ralli ampiyonu nvann elde etti.

2002 : PSA ve Ford'un ibirlii ile 1.4 lt hacminde yeni bir dizel motor retildi.206 SW ve 307 SW modellerinin lansmanlar gerekletirildi.Boxer yenilendi. 206 WRC 2002 ylnda nc kez Dnya Ralli ampiyonu nvann kazand.

2003 : 40.000.000uncu Peugeot retildi.Peugeot Partner yenilendi.307 Break modeli piyasaya kt.Peugeot 307 CC lansman gerekletirildi.Peugeot 206 RC modeli piyasaya kt.

2004 : Peugeot 407 ve 407 SW sata sunuldu.

2005 : Peugeot 307 yenilendi.Peugeot 407 Coupe Avrupa'da sata kt.Peugeot 206, 5,350,000 adet retilerek Peugeot tarihinde bir retim rekoruna imza att

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definition of peugeot 401 and synonyms of peugeot 401 (Italian)

Peugeot 401

Una 401 Eclipse con carrozzeria Portout

Costruttore: Peugeot
Premio Auto dell'anno nel [[{{{auto_dell'anno}}}]]

Altre caratteristiche

Dimensioni e massa Altro
Lunghezza 4530-4680 mm
Larghezza 1630 mm
Altezza 1520 mm
Passo {{{passo}}} mm
Massa 1296 kg
Assemblaggio: {{{assemblaggio}}}
Progetto {{{progetto}}}
Design
Altre antenate {{{altre_antenate}}}
Altre eredi
Stessa famiglia
Auto simili Citroën 10 CV
Note

[[Immagine:|250px]]

La 401 era una vettura di classe alta prodotta nel biennio 1934-35 dalla Casa francese Peugeot.

  Profilo

La 401 nacque per andare a rappresentare il segmento alto di gamma della Casa francese con un modello ben preciso. Questo perché nella seconda metà degli anni venti la graduatoria nella gamma Peugeot si era fatta piuttosto approssimativa, con pochi modelli di classe media, e la gamma stessa era spesso piuttosto incompleta. La 401 andò a sostituire non uno, ma due modelli che tra l'altro erano fuori produzione già da alcuni anni: la Peugeot Type 183 dotata di un 2 litri era fuori produzione da un paio di anni, mentre la Type 181 dotata di un motore da 1,6 litri era fuori commercio addirittura da sei anni (dal 1928, per la precisione). La 401 raccolse l'eredità di entrambe le vetture e lo fece presentandosi come vettura dalle linee piuttosto imponenti ed eleganti, sia in configurazione limousine che in configurazione cabriolet. La 401 fece da base anche per la versione Eclipse, dotata di tetto ripiegabile in metallo, prodotta in pochissimi esemplari. La 401 fu prodotta nelle versioni D e DL (a passo lungo).

La 401 era equipaggiata da un 4 cilindri in linea da 1720 cm³ in grado di erogare 44 CV di potenza massima. La scarsa potenza e il peso elevato ne penalizzarono le prestazioni, che non superavano i 100 km/h. Il cambio era manuale a tre marce. Il telaio era invece di ottima fattura e le doti di tenuta di strada erano più che buone, grazie all'avantreno a ruote indipendenti, soluzione inaugurata con la Peugeot 201 di 3 anni prima.

La 401 ottenne un discreto successo, anche se non eccezionale: ciò era da imputare, oltre che alle prestazioni non molto entusiasmanti, anche ad alcuni problemi a livello di meccanica che tendevano a manifestarsi su questa vettura. Perciò la 401 fu tolta di produzione dopo neppure due anni di produzione.

  Voci correlate

  Altri progetti

  Collegamenti esterni

Peugeot Autovetture Motociclette Motori
1890-1915 1919-1939 1940 In produzione Lion Peugeot Competizione e prototipi Commerciali
Type 1 · Type 2 · Type 3 · Type 4 · Type 5 · Type 6, 7, 8 e 11 · Type 9, 10 e 12 · Type 14, 15 e 25 · Type 21, 24, 30 e 31 · Type 23 · Type 26, 27 e 28 · Type 16, 17, 19 e 32 · Type 18 e 39 · Type 20 e 29 · Type 33 · Type 36 · Type 37, 54 e 57 · Type 42-50 · Type 48 · Type 56, 58 e 68 · Type 61 e 71 · Type 62 e 72 · Type 66 e 76 · Type 69 · Type 63, 99, 108 e 118 · Type 65, 67, 77, 78 e 88 · Type 91, 101 e 120 · Type 83 e 93 · Type 107 · Type 81, 96 e 106 · Type 82, 92 e 104 · Type 80 e 103 · Type 85 e 95 · Type 105 e 113 · Type 125Type 112, 117, 122, 130 e 134 · Type 139 · Type 116, 126 e 138 · Type 111, 129, 131 e 133 · Type 127 e 143 · Type 135 · Type 136 e 144 · Type 145, 146 e 148 · Type 141, 147 e 150 · Type 153
Type 156 · Type 161 e 172 "Quadrilette" · 5CV · Type 173Type 177 e 181 · Type 174 e 184 · Type 175 · Type 176 · Type 183 · Type 163 · Type 190 S · 201 · 301 · 401 · 601 · 202 · 302 · 402
VLV · 104 · 106 · 1007· 203 · 204 · 205 · 206 · 304 · 305 · 306 · 307 · 309 · 403 · 404 · 405 · 406 · 407 berlina e SW · 504 · 505 · 604 · 605 · 607 · 806
iOn · 107 · 206 Plus · 207 · 208 · 308 · 407 Coupé · 408 (non per l'Europa) · 3008 · 5008 · 4007 · 508 · 807 · RCZ · Partner/Ranch
VA, VC e VY · BP1 e B3P1 "Bebè" · V2C2, V2Y2, V2C3, V2Y3 · V4C3, VD, V4D e VD2
905 · 907 · 908 HDi FAP
Peugeot Type 13, 22, 34 e 35 · Peugeot DMA, DMAH e Q3A · Peugeot D3 e D4 · J5J7 e J9 · Bipper · Boxer · Expert · Partner
Il gruppo PSA: Citroën · Peugeot
   

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